Heritage Preservation Education in primary school fine art activities

Monografia 27. 02. 2018, Robert Potočnik

The aim of the monograph is to examine heritage preservation education in primary school fine art activities. Organisations, such as the UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation), ICCROM (International Centre for the Study of the Preservation and Restoration of Cultural Property), have all launched programmes whose purpose is to raise the awareness on the importance of preserving cultural heritage among youth (Aslan, Adremagni, 2006). The National Culture Programme in the Republic of Slovenia (2014) stresses the need to include cultural heritage content in all levels of the education system (kindergarten, elementary school, high school, under- and postgraduate studies and lifelong education). A high-quality inclusion thereof requires highly qualified professionals in educational and cultural institutions and inter-institutional collaboration. The National Guidelines for Culture and Arts Education in the Education System (2009) in the Republic of Slovenia highlight the importance of promoting the conservation and preservation of cultural creation significant for national, European and global cultural heritage. Students should be encouraged to follow arts and culture and become involved therein by means of diverse didactic approaches applied in the learning process in the classroom, arts and cultural and other institutions. Didactic approaches shall thus develop their ability to provide critical interpretation and evaluation of visual arts and their creativity in their own artistic expressions. By systematically promoting critical thinking and raising awareness of students on the importance of cultural heritage concern in all levels of the educational process in addition to providing students with artistic tasks by including such content, teachers have the ability to impact the values, views and behaviour of students with regard to cultural heritage, its conservation and preservation. The importance of cultural heritage to empower national and cultural identity can be promoted by imparting the know-how on the conservation and preservation thereof (Gesche Koning, 2008; Greffe, 2009).